Woman and Islam
Islamic religion has its established guiding teachings and principles that ensure its followers submit totally to the will of Allah for all the adherents. In effect, Islamic religion recognizes the fact that people and things around them affect their survival irrespective of their age, community, families, and the nation. The quality of life of the Muslims invariably affects the existence of the Islamic nations and religion as a whole. Muslim women are highly vulnerable to various health problems due to the strict religious ideation of most of the conditions that affect them. Islamic women as most of the women from other contemporary communities face numerous health challenges, including reproductive health problems such as increased cases of maternal death, destitution, poor access to maternal health services, and social violation of their human rights. As such, the health challenges make it necessary for the adoption of policies that recognize their critical value in the society. In addition, it necessitates the need for the adoption of social-cultural values, beliefs, and practices that recognize sustainability of the health of the Muslim woman (Suad and Najmabadi 54).
Structure of the research paper
This research paper analyzes different health issues that affect the health of the Islamic women from a religious perspective. In specific, the analysis focuses on the ways in which Islamic religious and cultural practices affect negatively the health of the Islamic woman. The essay also discusses the perception of the Muslims towards medication. The paper extends to analyze the various health issues affecting the Islamic woman and having a strong relationship with Islamic religion. The health issues analyzed include obesity and diabetes, vitamin D deficiency, and acts such as abortion and their influence on different Islamic doctrines. The analysis also provides ways in which people respond to these health challenges and religious solutions alongside the ways in which the U.S. health care system can be transformed to gather the needs of the Muslim standards to their expected level (Cortese and Calderini 67).
How Islamic religious and cultural practices affect negatively the female health
Religious and traditional practices reflect the values held by the members of the community for the duration that span generations. Muslims have specific religious and cultural practices that influence the health outcomes of the people in the society including the women. Harmful traditional practices of the Islamic religion that affect the health of the women negatively include female genital mutilation (FGM), early marriages, restriction from using reproductive health methods to control birth, and early pregnancies. The cultural values and beliefs affect their health outcomes in a variety of ways. It increases their risks of infections (FGM), maternal morbidity, maternal mortality, and lack of self-expression in the society. Similarly, the above stated cultural practices signify the violation of their human rights and freedom of speech, expression, and decision. The inequality caused by the unfair treatment of the Islamic women in the society increases their vulnerability to various health factors that affect their well-being (Weigl 65).
Islamic religious beliefs also influence the health of the Islamic women. Islamic religious holy days such as Id al-Fitr and Id al-Adha provide the Muslim women and the society opportunities to re-unite, promoting their mental well-being. Islamic religion recognizes that life begins 120 days of gestation. It prohibits abortion of the fetus after this period. However, the fact that it allows abortion before the above days puts the health of the Islamic women at risk. In addition, Islamic religion restricts the use of birth control methods by its women. The restriction makes them play a little role in making decisions related to their reproductive life; hence, their vulnerability to maternal mortality and morbidity. The Islamic religious belief that allows men to marry up to four wives also makes the health of the Islamic woman vulnerable. The belief places the women at risk of health problems such as sexually transmitted infections due to the polygamous nature of their families (Suad and Najmabadi 84).
What do Muslims think of Medication?
The Islamic religion is opposed to its followers using any drugs apart from those prescribed for medical purposes. For example, Prophet Muhammed said, “all intoxicant is Khamir (alcohol) and all Khamr are Haram (not permitted by the doctrines of the religion). In addition, Islamic religion recognizes that Muslim should seek medical attention since Allah did not let any disease exist without giving its cure. As such, it shows that the religion recognizes the importance of medication for treating health problems except in cases of diseases associated with old age (Piedmont and Village 102).
Obesity and diabetes
According to Islam, health is the greatest gift from God to humankind. Human beings should express the gratitude of giving them health by taking care of it. The religion also recognizes that God will hold the Muslims accountable for the ways in which they looked after and utilized their bodies. Obesity and diabetes are majorly lifestyle diseases. Islamic religion has no unique perception on the condition, but some consider as a violation of the God’s laws. For example, religious analysis shows that obesity and diabetes signify the violation of the Islamic doctrine “do not cast yourselves into destroying your bodies by your own hands (2:195)” (Siddiqi and Zuberi 24).
Obesity and diabetes have a significant effect on the health of the Muslim women. Islamic religion recognizes that human behaviors have consequences to their health as shown by obesity and diabetes. Significant evidence shows that the obesity alters the body image of the Islamic women affecting their mental well-being. However, wearing hijab has been shown to improve the confidence of the Islamic women towards their bodies (Cortese and Calderini 38). Women who wear hijab have a more positive image in situations where the society and the religion consider ideals of the body such as beauty and appearance. Similarly, wearing hijab has health implications, including obesity and diabetes. Empirical evidence shows that Muslim countries lead in the rates of obesity with women being the highly affected. Hijab discourages the performance of activities including practical and psychological exercises that contribute to their well-being (Booth et al. 119).
Conservative Muslim countries often ban their women from engaging in exercises that promote their well-being by reducing lifestyle related conditions. The burka also plays a role in contributing to constraining the Muslim women to a variety of exercises that affect their health and well-being negatively. Cultural restrictions against women activity compound to the risk factors that cause high rates of obesity and diabetes among the Muslim women. Islamic culture takes that physical activity of the Islamic women results in the loss of the hymen; hence, the loss of their purity. In addition, the cultural belief that a woman should not participate in any physical activity, in the presence of the men complexes the factors that predispose the women to obesity and diabetes among them. The decision to introduce the single-sex gym increases the risk by predisposing the Islamic women to psychological inactivity that contributes indirectly to the health challenges. Therefore, combining these religious and cultural factors make an Islamic woman more vulnerable to obesity and diabetes (Weigl, Constanze 65).
Vitamin D deficiency
The adherence to wearing hijab prevents Islamic women from acquiring adequate vitamin D Lack of an adequate supply of vitamin D results in various health effects that affect their life outcomes negatively. Among the health, the effects brought by inadequate production of Vitamin D include misshapen, weak, and brittle bones vulnerable to breakage, osteoporosis in old age, cardiovascular diseases, and type 1-diabetes. As such, these effects raise concerns on the health status of Islamic women who abide by this law alongside the health of the children born to a mother deficient of vitamin D (Booth et al. 26). If the children born to these mothers observe hijab in their childhood, the risk of them failing to reach the desired body height in their adulthood becomes high. Therefore, a significant proportion of the Muslim women face the challenge of vitamin D deficiency and its associated health complications. The health effects brought by wearing of the full hijab by Muslim women create significant implications to the Islamic religion. Many consider Islam as the perfect way of life for the human beings. However, if Allah mandated the Muslim women to observe hijab, he could not have come up with the creation that depends on sunlight for Vitamin D (Siddiqi and Zuberi 55).
Muslims have doctrines related to abortion that are based on opinions from Hadith, religious, and legal scholars. According to its doctrines, the fetus becomes a living being after 120 days of gestation. Abortion is considered impermissible after this period. However, some circumstances might make the prohibition inapplicable. For example, Hadith states “Apostle of Allah gave the judgment that a slave must be given Quisas in a case of abortion in cases of a woman from the tribe of the Bani Lihyan.” As such, the sentiment translates to the acceptance of abortion in unavoidable circumstances only. Extenuating circumstance and time are among the factors that influence permissibility of abortion in the Islamic religion (Piedmont and Village 87).
Islamic culture recognizes that the life of the pregnant woman precedes that of the fetus. As such, decisions regarding abortion, often take into consideration the life of the mother rather than of the fetus. Islamic culture and religion considers pregnancy out of rape legitimate. However, it can be terminated when less than four months old (gestation). Fetus identified to have any form of deformities can be aborted irrespective of the age of the fetus. The permissibility considers different factors like whether the deformity will hamper the parents to provide the required care to the baby alongside other suspected health effects including mental retardation. Therefore, the Islamic religion prohibits abortion and allows it under unique conditions like signifying its consideration of the health of the Muslim women (Joseph 39).
Ramadan and its health effect on the female
Ramadan has a significant effect on the health and health outcomes of the Muslim women. The duration of fasting during Ramadan and the health status of the woman, influence the severity of the effects. Significant evidence shows that fasting during Ramadan acts as a form of depriving the body its nutritional requirements. Fasting in pregnancy alters the consumption and behavior of the mother, a fact that creates a significant threat to the health of their children that might extend to their adulthood (Booth et al. 56). Muslim women subject themselves to a significant fasting that often compromises the health of the fetuses with the severity of the symptoms increased in pregnant mothers with advanced age. It is shown that a pregnant woman who fasts during the period of Ramadan may give birth to small babies with possible health and learning disabilities. In addition, fasting increases the risk of giving rise to a population considered less productive to meet the needs of the state. The effects also extend to lactating mothers who are affected by the reduction for daily dietary supplies (Atighetchi 101).
The duration of the fasting also has a significant effect on the health of the Muslim women. Long-term fasting has been shown to cause significant dehydration to the Muslim women. Restricted intake of fluids that results in the alteration of the normal fluid balance of the body predisposes them to dehydration and hem-concentration. The dehydration experienced by individuals varies significantly depending on the sex of an individual (Piedmont and Village 56). Significant evidence shows that women are the most affected by dehydration that often causes migraine headaches on the affected. Other effects caused by the prolonged duration of fasting during Ramadan among the Muslim women include tachycardia, circulatory collapse, nausea, and vomiting. The Severity of these symptoms might lead to depletion of the body fluids; hence, affecting negatively on the health of the Muslim women (Joseph 77).
Muslim women face the challenge of early marriage in their society. Marrying a young girl before her puberty is highly permissible in Islam as stated by Allah. Similarly, the Quran claims that a Muslim girl can be married when she reaches puberty. The permit to marry them at their tender ages is traceable in different excerpts of the Quran. For instance, Allah says, “and those women as have passed the age of monthly courses, for them then? Iddah (prescribed period), if you doubt about the periods, is three months, and for those with not courses, they are immature? Iddah is three months likewise.” The sentiment shows that the Islamic religion considers suitable for girls to be married before and after their puberty (Aswad and Bilge? 98).
However, the earlier marriage permitted by the Islamic religion has significant negative impact on the health of the Muslim women and girls. The young girls often face the challenge of complications during pregnancy and delivery. The complications occur due to the inadequacy of their reproductive systems to allow the passage of the fetus. As such, they become victims of maternal morbidity and mortality associated with pregnancy, delivery and after delivery. Significant evidence shows that pregnant girls aged between 14 years to 20 years are two times at risk of developing birth complications as compared to those aged above 21 years (Suad and Najmabadi 16).
In addition, pregnant girls aged 15 are five times at risk of dying from birth complications as compared to those aged above 15. A majority of the mortalities and morbidities occur due to the immaturity of the pelvis and the birth canal. Teen pregnancy increases their risk of being affected by obstetric fistula during delivery due to the inadequacy of their pelvis. Occurrence of obstetric fistula often leaves them with complications such as fecal and/or urine incontinence that complicates into chronic pain, smell, and infection. Other health effects associated with early marriages to the Muslim women and girls include their high predisposition to marital violence, psychological trauma secondary to the experiences, and violation of their human rights (Agnew 24).
Dealing with the above health issues (religious interventions)
The issues facing the Muslim women are almost similar to those facing other women in most countries across the world. Muslim leaders should make the need for wearing hijab a personal decision made in good faith of woman’s understanding of the God’s commands. The religion should focus more on emphasizing on women’s dressing, but consider providing them with the freedom to decide on their resulting in empowerment. Islamic religious leaders should shift their focus from sex segregation to creating an environment that ensures equity in access to available resources in the society (Cosslett 32).
Religious bodies must also lobby for the modification of the Islamic laws to address the problems that face women in the current society. The law should have features such as the flexibility to ensure the recognition of the contribution of women to the well-being of the society. Similarly, restructuring of some of the marriage laws should be made to provide women with opportunities to make decisions on issues affecting their health and life outcomes. Islamic religious leaders should lobby for the prohibition of early marriages. This will reduce maternal mortality and morbidity alongside allowing their inclusion in social activities. Religious bodies must collaborate with other organizations when lobbying for the adoption of policies that foster equity in the Muslim societies (Booth et al. 56). Such actions include promoting the inclusion of Muslim women in activities like enhancing their physical and social activity. This will reduce the incidences of sexual segregation in the Muslim society. Other ways in which the Islamic religious leaders can respond to these challenges include educating the society on the negative effects of the Hijab despite its religious significance and prohibiting the participation of the pregnant women in fasting during Ramadan (Cortese and Calderini 45).
Treatment facilities and changes needed for proper care
Growing number of Muslim population in the U.S.
Cultural competence is among the changes required to provide the Muslim population with the required care. Health care providers in the U.S. should adopt specific congruent behaviors, policies, and attitudes that will enable them to work efficiently in presented cross-cultural situations. The U.S. treatment facilities need to invest their resources in providing training for the healthcare providers to improve their attitude, knowledge, and skills. Such practices will significantly improve the quality of health care provided to the Muslim population by reducing and eliminating ethnic, religious, and racial disparities in health care provision. Alternatively, Muslim religious leaders such as the Imams should be incorporated into the provision of health care in the U.S. Incorporating them will ensure bridging of the existing gaps in the provision of healthcare to patients from different religious backgrounds (Aswad and Bilge? 89).
Problem of U.S. health care for Muslims in the U.S.
Muslims face significant challenges when accessing healthcare services in the U.S. Increasing the number of Muslim healthcare providers can help solve the challenges facing the Muslims in the U.S. Prioritizing equity in the provision of health care can also help reduce the challenges Muslims face when accessing health care services in the U.S. (Piedmont and Village 45). Prioritizing enables the health care providers to identify the occasions considered critical for the need for quality care by the Muslim population e.g. during Ramadan. Gender concordance care and ensuring collaboration will also help reduce the challenges faced by the Muslims in the U.S. while accessing health care services. Increasing interaction between the healthcare providers and the Muslim patients also prove effective in eliminating the challenges (Atighetchi 41).
How to change the U.S. health care system to meet properly Muslim standards
Some of changes to be adopted to meet completely the health care needs of the Muslims in the U.S. are enhancing cultural competencies among the health care providers. Cultural competencies will equip them with the necessary skills, values, and attitudes required for effective provision of the required health care. The U.S. health care system should ensure equity in the health care providers from all the religions to allow for the recognition of the varied needs of the patients. Health care policies should be strengthened to reduce the incidence of disparities in health care provision due to religious differences. Above all, collaboration will significantly reduce the disparities facing the minorities in the U.S. (Agnew 29).
In summary, the Muslim women face numerous health challenges that affect their life outcomes. Majority of the health problems have cultural, social, and religious roots that make their eradication a complex process. Among the challenges facing them, include social isolation, violence, violation of the rights, and inadequate access to resources including health care services. The increasing cases of problems facing the Muslim women in the recent past necessitate the adoption of strategies that improve their health outcomes. Therefore, it is highly recommendable that Muslim religious leaders adopt collaborative strategies and policies that aim at reducing the challenges that face the Muslim women in the society; hence, social justice.
Agnew, Vijay. Racialized Migrant Women in Canada: Essays on Health, Violence, and Equity. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2009. Print
Aswad, Barbara C, and Bilge? Barbara. Family and Gender among American Muslims: Issues Facing Middle Eastern Immigrants and Their Descendants. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1996. Print
Atighetchi, Dariusch. Islamic Bioethics: Problems and Perspectives. New York? Springer, 2007. Internet resource.
Cortese, Delia, and Calderini Simonetta. Women and the Fatimids in the World of Islam. Edinburgh: Edinburgh Univ. Press, 2006. Print.
Cosslett, Tess, Alison Easton, and Penny Summerfield. Women, Power, and Resistance: An Introduction to Women’s Studies. Buckingham [England: Open University Press, 1996. Print.
Booth Joseph, Marilyn, Davary Bahar, Gualtieri Sarah M.A., and Elora Shehabuddin. Women and Islamic Cultures: Disciplinary Paradigms and Approaches, 2003-2013., 2013. Print.
Suad, Joseph, and Najmabadi Afsaneh. Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures: Vol. 3. Leiden: Brill, 2006. Print.
Piedmont, Ralph L, and Village Andrew. Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion: Volume 20. Leiden, NL: Brill, 2009. Print.
Siddiqi, Zakia A., and Zuberi Anwar Jahan. Muslim Women: Problems and Prospects. New Delhi: MD Publications, 1993.
Weigl, Constanze. Reproductive Health Behavior and Decision-Making of Muslim Women: An Ethnographic Study in a Low-Income Community in Urban North India. Berlin: Lit, 2010. Print
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY!!!
We provide professional writing services to help you score straight A’s by submitting custom written assignments that mirror your guidelines.
Get result-oriented writing and never worry about grades anymore. We follow the highest quality standards to make sure that you get perfect assignments.
Our writers have experience in dealing with papers of every educational level. You can surely rely on the expertise of our qualified professionals.
Your deadline is our threshold for success and we take it very seriously. We make sure you receive your papers before your predefined time.
Someone from our customer support team is always here to respond to your questions. So, hit us up if you have got any ambiguity or concern.
Sit back and relax while we help you out with writing your papers. We have an ultimate policy for keeping your personal and order-related details a secret.
We assure you that your document will be thoroughly checked for plagiarism and grammatical errors as we use highly authentic and licit sources.
Still reluctant about placing an order? Our 100% Moneyback Guarantee backs you up on rare occasions where you aren’t satisfied with the writing.
You don’t have to wait for an update for hours; you can track the progress of your order any time you want. We share the status after each step.
Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.
Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.
From brainstorming your paper's outline to perfecting its grammar, we perform every step carefully to make your paper worthy of A grade.
Hire your preferred writer anytime. Simply specify if you want your preferred expert to write your paper and we’ll make that happen.
Get an elaborate and authentic grammar check report with your work to have the grammar goodness sealed in your document.
You can purchase this feature if you want our writers to sum up your paper in the form of a concise and well-articulated summary.
You don’t have to worry about plagiarism anymore. Get a plagiarism report to certify the uniqueness of your work.
Join us for the best experience while seeking writing assistance in your college life. A good grade is all you need to boost up your academic excellence and we are all about it.
We create perfect papers according to the guidelines.
We seamlessly edit out errors from your papers.
We thoroughly read your final draft to identify errors.
Work with ultimate peace of mind because we ensure that your academic work is our responsibility and your grades are a top concern for us!
Dedication. Quality. Commitment. Punctuality
Here is what we have achieved so far. These numbers are evidence that we go the extra mile to make your college journey successful.
We have the most intuitive and minimalistic process so that you can easily place an order. Just follow a few steps to unlock success.
We understand your guidelines first before delivering any writing service. You can discuss your writing needs and we will have them evaluated by our dedicated team.
We write your papers in a standardized way. We complete your work in such a way that it turns out to be a perfect description of your guidelines.
We promise you excellent grades and academic excellence that you always longed for. Our writers stay in touch with you via email.