Steroid Use in High School Students
The problems associated with the use of illegal performance-enhancing drugs – notably steroids – in professional and amateur sports are threatening to damage the reputation of players, teams, leagues, and those officials whose duty it is to present honest athletic competition to the public. The evidence is very clear, when it comes to the negative affects that steroids have on the human body, but that hasn’t stopped athletes from using steroids to gain a competitive edge. But the most shocking aspect of the steroid issue is the growing evidence of usage by high school students. Schools and parents need to find solutions to this problem, before athletes become addicted to these substances and ruin their health – and the image of sports – as a result.
What are steroids?
They are chemicals that mimic human testosterone
They help muscles become stronger and enhance athleticism
B. What are the negative effects of steroids?
They harm the body, cause life-threatening conditions
C. Who is using steroids?
1. Professional as well as amateur athletes use steroids
2. Amateur athletes in high school hope to perform at a level that will result in a scholarship to a big university
D. What can be done?
1. Parents, coaches and teachers in high school must be aware of the signs that a student athlete is using steroids, and must institute strong sanctions against the use of steroids
2. Pro-leagues must find ways to detect the use of steroids, and ban those players who are tested and are proved to be using steroids
INTRODUCTION: What are anabolic-androgenic steroids? According to the Nemours Foundation, a respected source of health information available from a link on the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Web site, anabolic steroids are synthetic hormones, which “…can boost the body’s ability to produce muscle and prevent muscle breakdown.” Anabolic steroids resemble the chemical structure of testosterone, the natural sex hormone that is found in the body of males.
So when anabolic steroids are taken, they greatly increase the amount of testosterone in the blood supply of the user, and “stimulate muscle tissue” in the body of the user to grow “larger and stronger,” according to KidsHealth (presented by the Nemours Foundation), which is a primary source of information, and offers qualitative information.
What are the side effects of anabolic steroids? The National Institute on Drug Abuse, a primary source of information – a division of the National Institutes of Health – explains (in qualitative form) the major side effects that these types of steroids can produce. For example, abuse of anabolic steroids can result in tumors in the liver, cancer, jaundice, high blood pressure, “increases in LDL (bad cholesterol) and decreases in HDL (good cholesterol). In addition, abuse of anabolic steroids can result in “severe acne” and for men it may cause the shrinking of testicles, a lowering of sperm count, “baldness, infertility, development of breasts,” and an increased risk of prostate cancer.
The data from the National Institute of Drug Abuse also shows (quantitatively) that there are psychiatric side effects from steroid use, such as “aggression,” mood swings, depression (especially when the user stops taking steroids), paranoia, “extreme irritability, delusions and impaired judgment stemming from feelings of invincibility.” Another problem associated with use of steroids, the NIDA explains, is that some users may turn to other drugs to relieve the pain or psychological disruption of their lives caused by the steroids themselves. A quantitative research report from NIDA reflects that of 227 people being treated in a private treatment center for heroin dependency, 9.3% admitted to previous abuse of steroids (before trying any other drugs).
Who is using anabolic steroids? The use of performance-enhancing steroid drugs in amateur and professional sports has been well publicized in the media over the past few years, and fans of pro-sports have become cynical and discouraged as a result. For example, if your favorite player growing up was Hank Aaron, and you had to go through a summer in 2007 during which Barry Bonds broke that most cherished of all baseball records, the home run record, anger and cynicism was probably expressed. But professional athletes aren’t the only individuals who are using anabolic steroids.
THE RESEARCH: Sadly, statistics published in the journal NEA Today (National Education Association) (Kopkowski, 2007) indicate that in 2006, “…nearly 850,000 high school students admitted to using the drugs” (according to a quantitative data culled from the Center for Disease Controls). This article is a secondary source. The author says that steroid use among high school students “has doubled since the early 1990s” due in part to the fact that “pressure on high school athletes is escalating.” Why is there more pressure on high school athletes? Coaches, parents, school officials, alumni – and students themselves – are “hungry for attention-grabbing game stats, championships, and scholarships.”
It is true that many high school students are in hopes of being recruited by high-visibility universities. And those athletes are attempting to put on a great exhibition of athleticism while in high school so they may get a scholarship to a big university, and from there be eligible to be drafted by professional sports (the NFL, NBA, Major League Baseball or the National Hockey League). Recently there was an arrest of six high school boys in Connecticut who were found to be taking steroids, and nine players on a high school football team in Texas were also busted when officials learned they had been taking steroids.
How can high schools learn to identify the use of illegal performance-enhancing drugs? The NEA article (a secondary source) suggests that first of all, counselors, teachers, parents and coaches need to be alerted to the signs that a player is involved with steroids. “Rapid bulking up,” dramatic mood swings, sudden rage at even the smallest setbacks, pounding on a desk or falling asleep in class – these are all signs that a student athlete could be using steroids. The additional problem, though, when it comes to identifying steroid usage, is that many of the signs of steroid usage are quite similar to things that can be expected around teenagers anyway.
To wit: mood swings, heavy acne, physical changes, and “sudden, unexplained aggressive behavior” are traits that are also associated with teenagers as they become mature and experience fairly high levels of testosterone swirling through their bodies. The use of steroids in high school athletes has prompted several states – Virginia, New Jersey, California, Illinois, and Texas – to pass legislation that punishes those abusers with periods of athletic ineligibility.
Some of the nicknames for steroids include “roids, juice, hype, pump,” according to Kopkowski’s article. Steroids can be taken by injection, by pills or liquids, and the side effects, in addition to what was mentioned previously in this paper, include: “…nausea and vomiting, headaches, aching joints, muscle cramps…diarrhea…anxiety and panic attacks…”
The KidsHealth article goes on to mention that when steroids are taken for an extended period of time can stunt a teen’s growth, cause the “abnormal enlargement of the heart muscles,” cause “blood lipid abnormalities that contribute to heart disease” and “irreversible stretch marks.” For females who use steroids, they may encounter fertility problems; their menstrual cycles may become irregular and there may be a disruption of the “maturation and release of eggs from the ovaries.”
What do fans think about the use of drugs, steroids in specifics, by pro-ballplayers? There is an article in the Economist (secondary source), qualitative in substance that claims fans have “…an ambivalent attitude toward drugs” because the use of illegal drugs is so prevalent and it seems there is no way out of this problem. When it comes to Bonds breaking Aaron’s record, as mentioned earlier, fans are exhibiting an “OJ-style racial divide, with whites more willing to believe the circumstantial evidence against Mr. Bonds than his fellow African-Americans.”
Recently, it has come to the attention of the media and others that the drug called, “human growth hormone” (HGH) is being used by some major league baseball players. An article in USA Today (Nightengale, 2007) points out through secondary reporting of data that Rick Ankiel (St. Louis Cardinals), Jay Gibbons (Baltimore Orioles) and Troy Glaus (Blue Jays) have been implicated in the use of HGH. This information was made available because an investigation of a Florida pharmacy by the federal government (reported by Sports Illustrated and the New York Daily News) turned up receipts detailing transactions between those players and the pharmacy.
According to the article, a quantitative piece, by taking HGH (another performance-enhancing substance) players may be able to “avert positive steroid tests.” How can they do that? “Taking HGH enables you to take lower doses of anabolic steroids,” journalist Bob Nightengale quotes Gary Wadler (with the World Anti-Doping Agency) as saying. “By taking a lower level of steroids, you may not be detected when undergoing drug tests,” Wadler continues. But that opinion has been rebutted by Major league Baseball’s head labor lawyer, Rob Manfred, who says even an “extraordinarily low level” of steroids present in a player’s tissues can be detected.
The pressure on professional athletes as well as high school and college athletes is tremendous. There is an enormous amount of money to be made in pro-sports, with some baseball players making upwards of $10 million a year, and others hoping to achieve that level of compensation. In high school, the pressure is great because parents, coaches and the community are eager to see the teams win, and moreover, high school players are anxious to perform at a high level because success means a scholarship to a high-profile university. The problem is not going to go away, so it is up to responsible leaders at all levels of government and sports to do all they can to curtail this illegal menace, and save the health of young people at the same time.
Dowshen, Steven. (2007). Steroids. KidsHealth. Retrieved September 14, 2007, at http://kidshealth.org.
Economist. (2007). Curb your enthusiasm. 384(8541), p. 28.
Kopkowski, Cynthia. (2007). Home Field Disadvantages. NEA Today, 25(6), p. 23.
National Institute of Drug Addiction. (2007). NIDA InfoFacts: Steroids (Anabolic-Androgenic)
Retrieved September 14, 2007, at http://www.nida.nih.gov/infofacts/steroids.html.
Nightengale, Bob. (2007). Is HGH hiding steroid use? USA Today. Sports, p. 01c.
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY!!!
We provide professional writing services to help you score straight A’s by submitting custom written assignments that mirror your guidelines.
Get result-oriented writing and never worry about grades anymore. We follow the highest quality standards to make sure that you get perfect assignments.
Our writers have experience in dealing with papers of every educational level. You can surely rely on the expertise of our qualified professionals.
Your deadline is our threshold for success and we take it very seriously. We make sure you receive your papers before your predefined time.
Someone from our customer support team is always here to respond to your questions. So, hit us up if you have got any ambiguity or concern.
Sit back and relax while we help you out with writing your papers. We have an ultimate policy for keeping your personal and order-related details a secret.
We assure you that your document will be thoroughly checked for plagiarism and grammatical errors as we use highly authentic and licit sources.
Still reluctant about placing an order? Our 100% Moneyback Guarantee backs you up on rare occasions where you aren’t satisfied with the writing.
You don’t have to wait for an update for hours; you can track the progress of your order any time you want. We share the status after each step.
Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.
Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.
From brainstorming your paper's outline to perfecting its grammar, we perform every step carefully to make your paper worthy of A grade.
Hire your preferred writer anytime. Simply specify if you want your preferred expert to write your paper and we’ll make that happen.
Get an elaborate and authentic grammar check report with your work to have the grammar goodness sealed in your document.
You can purchase this feature if you want our writers to sum up your paper in the form of a concise and well-articulated summary.
You don’t have to worry about plagiarism anymore. Get a plagiarism report to certify the uniqueness of your work.
Join us for the best experience while seeking writing assistance in your college life. A good grade is all you need to boost up your academic excellence and we are all about it.
We create perfect papers according to the guidelines.
We seamlessly edit out errors from your papers.
We thoroughly read your final draft to identify errors.
Work with ultimate peace of mind because we ensure that your academic work is our responsibility and your grades are a top concern for us!
Dedication. Quality. Commitment. Punctuality
Here is what we have achieved so far. These numbers are evidence that we go the extra mile to make your college journey successful.
We have the most intuitive and minimalistic process so that you can easily place an order. Just follow a few steps to unlock success.
We understand your guidelines first before delivering any writing service. You can discuss your writing needs and we will have them evaluated by our dedicated team.
We write your papers in a standardized way. We complete your work in such a way that it turns out to be a perfect description of your guidelines.
We promise you excellent grades and academic excellence that you always longed for. Our writers stay in touch with you via email.