Management of public sector organizations

Public Sector Accountability

In the recent years the top management of public sector organizations has come to realize that they are required to be eventually accountability to the community in which they exist. Moreover, presently, it is pertinent for this accountability to be exercised in a manner that supports rather than stalls the efficient management of the agency. The urgency for greater public sector accountability perceptibly arise from the actuality that most agencies have a defined mission and objectives which are actualized in programs; to put it differently they exist and are given resources so as to provide value to the community in particular ways. The community in its part have a right to be assured that the schemes and programs on which their monies are allocated are properly for the purpose it is intended, and those programs function in an efficient and fruitful manner, provide value for money, and that supreme standards of ethics are upheld by the personnel who have been assigned with managing them. (Contemporary Issues in Public Sector Accountability)

The attention towards accountability within public sector reforms has been defined as a need to make pubic sector personnel increasingly accountable for their decisions and activities. In greater details it implies (i) that certain group of recipients attains information about the results of decisions made by identified individuals who constitute the source decision makers. (ii) that those sources can be made to clarify regarding their decisions (iii) and finally that certain embargo can be imposed in case the explanations are found to be unacceptable. Within Public Sector Organizations or PSOs, accountability is often that of the individual for decisions made. In case where accountability runs external to the organization to other recipients, accountability is frequently combined to the level of the entire organization. In this case the entire organization is by some means looked upon as accountable for the actions of its workforce. Also in this instance, individual senior staff might be held accountable by the external recipients. (Information Systems for Public Sector Management: Defining Accountability)

II. Increased Demand for PSA:

In the current economic scenario, investors are requiring good corporate governance which is corruption free among organizations and with public units. An OECD-World Bank combine investor task force with investors with more than $3 trillion of assets suggests to enterprises who make emerging markets indexes must regard corporate governance as a significant part of their index. They are even subjected to investigations from the civil society and also non-governmental organizations. Citizens are also demanding more and more from their government thereby leading to an increase in political competition to serve the public better. The administrators who are able to win faith and sustain integrity have an increased likelihood to survive the electoral process, the enhanced reason for government to extend the public with broader and easy access information in an opportune manner for increased accountability. With the rise in public scrutiny, the costs to public officials to take decisions which benefit their private interests will even increase, building a more competent and trustworthy government. (Strengthening Public Scrutiny and Government Accountability Reformation)

Through legislation, standards of accountability are established and accountability is determined. This is achieved by (i) clearly designing accountabilities for chief executives subject to Public Service Act, 1999 and the Financial Management and Accountability Act, 1997 for mainstream establishments. (ii) dividing responsibility to independent agency head or board of directors (iii) stressing standards of ethical behavior and probity mainly through to the Public Service Act and (iii) lining up as far as practicable, financial and accountability arrangements for Government Business Enterprises with those within the private sector. (Transparency and Ethical Governance: Promoting Accountability in Australia)

The Auditor General is a suitably experienced independent statutory officer appointed by the Governor under the Financial Administration Audit Act or FAAA 1985 holding office till retirement, other than in the event of suspension by the Governor and dismissed from service by a resolution of both Houses of Parliament. Auditor General is the Accountable Officer and Chief Executive Officer of the Office of the Auditor General which is a department of the public service of the state which comes under the Public Sector Management Act, 1994. As regards Accountable Officer, the Auditor is enshrined to perform responsibilities under the FAAA. Being the Chief Executive Officer, the Auditor General is also liable for several staffing functions under the Public Sector Management Act, 1994. (the Audit Office Today)

The first office of the Auditor General of Western Australia dates back to the initial months of the Swan River colony in 1829. Captain Stirling who was posted as the Lieutenant Governor of the colony, was traveling in the ship Parmelia with the first collection of colonists who voyaged from England in February in that year to make the west coast of New Holland their home. The office of the Auditor General is established akin to all other officers under special legislation. The legislation implies that independent officers may or may not report to the Parliament in relation to their legislated function and/or conduct quasi-judicial responsibilities which are independently held of Ministerial control. (Vouched for and Carried to Account: A History of the Western Australian Audit Office 1829-2004)

The enactment of the Whistleblower Protection Act was done in the year 1889 in part as the Office of the Special Counsel or OSC was considered to be incompetent. During that period OSC had not brought to the notice of the Merit Systems Protection Board since 1979 on behalf of a whistleblower. Whistleblowers complained the Governmental Affairs Committee that they considered the OSC as an antagonist, instead of being an ally, and recommended the Committee for closure of the office for good. However, the Committee preferred to strengthen the office, thereby giving a further chance to act insistently on behalf of the whistleblowers. The Whistleblower Protection Act provided the OSC a new charter to “protect employees, especially whistleblowers, from prohibited personnel practices” and to “act in the interest of employees” who look forward for its assistance. (S.Rpt.103-358 Governmental Affairs Committee Aug. 23, 1994)

The Whistleblower Protection Act offered whistleblowers substantial new job safeguards which were not available in the past. To start with the act established an easier and justified norm for whistleblowers in proving retaliation by their agencies. Secondly, it empowered the privilege, for the first time, to appeal their own cases to the Merit Systems Protection Board. Thirdly the Act increased the independence of the OSC and necessitated OSC to operate in the interest of the whistleblowers. Lastly, the Act gave whistleblowers more procedural safeguards and vital guarantees of confidentiality. (S.Rpt.103-358 Governmental Affairs Committee Aug. 23, 1994)

III. Accountability Excesses

In order to adapt to the changing world economy, Australia is required to perform a number of things in a proper manner. The continent is required to have a robust and transparent regulatory regime. The physical and intellectual infrastructure is required to be of the highest quality. The public sector has an important role to play in all these spheres. However, the public sector can only contribute to them in case it is capable to respond rapidly, flexible and resolutely to the continuous demands of the international competition. (Setting the Course: Integrating Conformance with Performance)

Australia has had immense success in privatization at the Federal Level also. Partial as well as complete privatization has taken place in Australia. Instances of successful privatization can be found in Commonwealth Bank, Qantas and Telstra. As a matter of fact, when Telstra was up for privatization in 1997, this was regarded as the largest IPO in the world. The latest company in Australia for privatization is the Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service. The privatization exercise at the state level has immense success. Privatization at the local level has also taken place in Australia the companies up for sale at the local level have included the sale of municipal works like garbage collection services, golf courses, power plants, waste water treatment plants, airports, utility companies like electricity, gas, parking facilities, sewer systems and also sporting arenas. (Privatization in the United States and Australia: A Comparative Analysis of the Modern Movement in Corrections)

1V. Conclusion

In the recent years the top management of public sector organizations has come to realize that they are required to be eventually accountability to the community in which they exist. Moreover, presently, it is pertinent for this accountability to be exercised in a manner that supports rather than stalls the efficient management of the agency. In the current economic scenario, investors are requiring good corporate governance which is corruption free among organizations and with public units. Through legislation, standards of accountability are established and accountability is determined. In order to adapt to the changing world economy, Australia is required to perform a number of things in a proper manner.


Heeks, Richard. 1998. “Information Systems for Public Sector Management: Defining Accountability.” Institute for Development Policy and Management. July. Retrieved at Accessed on 30 May, 2005

Lamond, Jeff. “Transparency and Ethical Governance: Promoting Accountability in Australia” Australian Public Service Commission. Retrieved at Accessed on 30 May, 2005

Pearson Des. 2000. “Contemporary Issues in Public Sector Accountability: New Challenges for Accountability.” 22 January. Retrieved at Accessed on 30 May, 2005

Setting the Course: Integrating Conformance with Performance.” 2000. September, 7. Retrieved at on 30 May, 2005

Sozzani, Joseph “Privatization in the United States and Australia: A Comparative Analysis of the Modern Movement in Corrections.” Retrieved at Accessed on 30 May, 2005

S.Rpt.103-358 Governmental Affairs Committee” 1994. August, 23. Retrieved at Accessed on 30 May, 2005

The Audit Office Today.” Retrieved at Accessed on 30 May, 2005

Vouched for and Carried to Account: A History of the Western Australian Audit Office 1829-2004.” Retrieved at Accessed on 30 May, 2005

Wongchanglaw, Somphon. 2002. “Strengthening Public Scrutiny and Government Accountability Reformation.” Retrieved at Accessed on 30 May, 2005

Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY!!!

order custom essay paper

What Will You Get?

We provide professional writing services to help you score straight A’s by submitting custom written assignments that mirror your guidelines.

Premium Quality

Get result-oriented writing and never worry about grades anymore. We follow the highest quality standards to make sure that you get perfect assignments.

Experienced Writers

Our writers have experience in dealing with papers of every educational level. You can surely rely on the expertise of our qualified professionals.

On-Time Delivery

Your deadline is our threshold for success and we take it very seriously. We make sure you receive your papers before your predefined time.

24/7 Customer Support

Someone from our customer support team is always here to respond to your questions. So, hit us up if you have got any ambiguity or concern.

Complete Confidentiality

Sit back and relax while we help you out with writing your papers. We have an ultimate policy for keeping your personal and order-related details a secret.

Authentic Sources

We assure you that your document will be thoroughly checked for plagiarism and grammatical errors as we use highly authentic and licit sources.

Moneyback Guarantee

Still reluctant about placing an order? Our 100% Moneyback Guarantee backs you up on rare occasions where you aren’t satisfied with the writing.

Order Tracking

You don’t have to wait for an update for hours; you can track the progress of your order any time you want. We share the status after each step.


Areas of Expertise

Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.

Areas of Expertise

Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.


Trusted Partner of 9650+ Students for Writing

From brainstorming your paper's outline to perfecting its grammar, we perform every step carefully to make your paper worthy of A grade.

Preferred Writer

Hire your preferred writer anytime. Simply specify if you want your preferred expert to write your paper and we’ll make that happen.

Grammar Check Report

Get an elaborate and authentic grammar check report with your work to have the grammar goodness sealed in your document.

One Page Summary

You can purchase this feature if you want our writers to sum up your paper in the form of a concise and well-articulated summary.

Plagiarism Report

You don’t have to worry about plagiarism anymore. Get a plagiarism report to certify the uniqueness of your work.

Free Features $66FREE

  • Most Qualified Writer $10FREE
  • Plagiarism Scan Report $10FREE
  • Unlimited Revisions $08FREE
  • Paper Formatting $05FREE
  • Cover Page $05FREE
  • Referencing & Bibliography $10FREE
  • Dedicated User Area $08FREE
  • 24/7 Order Tracking $05FREE
  • Periodic Email Alerts $05FREE

Our Services

Join us for the best experience while seeking writing assistance in your college life. A good grade is all you need to boost up your academic excellence and we are all about it.

  • On-time Delivery
  • 24/7 Order Tracking
  • Access to Authentic Sources
Academic Writing

We create perfect papers according to the guidelines.

Professional Editing

We seamlessly edit out errors from your papers.

Thorough Proofreading

We thoroughly read your final draft to identify errors.


Delegate Your Challenging Writing Tasks to Experienced Professionals

Work with ultimate peace of mind because we ensure that your academic work is our responsibility and your grades are a top concern for us!

Check Out Our Sample Work

Dedication. Quality. Commitment. Punctuality

All samples
Article review
Thesis/Thesis chapter
Research paper
Article review
A Holistic Response to Crime Victimization
View this sample
Thesis/Thesis chapter
Post Covid-19 Economic Recovery
View this sample
Research paper
Final Case Analysis: Organizational Ethical Dilemmas
Undergrad. (yrs 3-4)
Business Studies
View this sample
Research paper
Communicable Disease
View this sample
Research paper
Mental health
View this sample

It May Not Be Much, but It’s Honest Work!

Here is what we have achieved so far. These numbers are evidence that we go the extra mile to make your college journey successful.


Happy Clients


Words Written This Week


Ongoing Orders


Customer Satisfaction Rate

Process as Fine as Brewed Coffee

We have the most intuitive and minimalistic process so that you can easily place an order. Just follow a few steps to unlock success.

See How We Helped 9000+ Students Achieve Success


We Analyze Your Problem and Offer Customized Writing

We understand your guidelines first before delivering any writing service. You can discuss your writing needs and we will have them evaluated by our dedicated team.

  • Clear elicitation of your requirements.
  • Customized writing as per your needs.

We Mirror Your Guidelines to Deliver Quality Services

We write your papers in a standardized way. We complete your work in such a way that it turns out to be a perfect description of your guidelines.

  • Proactive analysis of your writing.
  • Active communication to understand requirements.

We Handle Your Writing Tasks to Ensure Excellent Grades

We promise you excellent grades and academic excellence that you always longed for. Our writers stay in touch with you via email.

  • Thorough research and analysis for every order.
  • Deliverance of reliable writing service to improve your grades.
Place an Order Start Chat Now

error: Content is protected !!
Need assignment help? You can contact our live agent via WhatsApp using +1 718 717 2861

Feel free to ask questions, clarifications, or discounts available when placing an order.

Order your essay today and save 30% with the discount code UNRIVALED