Altitude Express Inc. v. Zarda discussion

Altitude Express Inc. v. Zarda


In the year 2010, Altitude express fired one of their employees after he was accused of inappropriate behavior towards a client. The instructor was known as Donald Zarda. He was gay and was accused of inappropriately touching a client as an instructor. As a gay man, he resolved to talk to all his customers about his sexual orientation so that he could make them comfortable. On this one time, he got strapped with a woman and proceeded to tell her that he was gay also to make her comfortable. It appeared that the lady did not like the way Donald Zarda handled him. Later on, the boyfriend of the woman complained to attitude Express about her girlfriends concerned that she had been uncomfortable during the skydiving experience. She claimed that Donald Zarda had touched her inappropriately and used the gay statement so that he could cover up for his actions. The situation led to Donald Zarda being relieved of his Duty from altitude express. As a consequence of his firing, and went to court in October the same year, stating that his firing was based on his sexual orientation, and he was suing attitude Express. Attitude Express claimed they were not discriminating against Donald Zardaas a result of his difference in sexual orientation, but he had inappropriately behaved with a client in the job. The lawyer said the customer was homophobic, and the firing process was not about Donald Zarda’s sexual orientation or preference. In response, Altitude Express stated that the main reason for his firing was that he had inappropriately touched a client but used his gay statements to cover up for the misappropriate actions. Donald Zarda’s family claimed that he cannot do such a thing and that he had been fired as a result of his preference for a different sexual orientation, which was against the norms for the majority of the customers. He also said that the main idea behind the firing, which was due to the male stereotype. The claim was brought to the federal court that alleged better attitude Express had violated his right because of his sexual preference and orientation. Nonetheless, the United States Court of Appeal ruled for altitude Express. The interpretation of Title VII was the main issue where it was not directly stated where sexual orientation came into place. Donald Zarda also cited Title VII to back up his claims for sexual orientation and his right in the workplace. However, the court ruled for altitude Express, which led to Donald filing an appeal several times. After he had died in the year 2014, his family members continue with the case.

The Actual Brief

Case name and citation Altitude Express, Inc.Vs. Zarda (Altitude Express, Inc. v. Zarda, 139 S. Ct. 1599, 203 L. Ed. 2d 754 (U.S., 2019).


The facts of this case include Donald Zarda, who sued Altitude Express. The reason for suing attitude Express is that where he allegedly terminated his employment contract forthe ongoing sexuality. The suit was under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act. The federal District Court gave a summary of the judgment in who favor of attitude Express (Altitude Express, Inc. v. Zarda, 2019). When Donald Zarda appealed, the second circuit vacated the judgment that was made by the district court’s judgment and all the other claims that were made. The issue is that whether the prohibition applies in Title VII of the civil rights act of the Year 1964 is against the possibility of discriminating individuals; sex encompasses discrimination for individuals that is based on their sexual orientation. This was the key issue and whether the “sex” that is covered in Title VII was covering people’s sexual orientation. The outcome of the case is that the appeal still pending adjudication within the United States Supreme is also complex because Donald Zarda dies in the year 2014, and only his family members are proceeding with the rulings.

In this case, Donald Zarda, who was working as a skydiving instructor in altitude Express was fired after he was accused of inappropriately touching one of the clients (Altitude Express, Inc. v. Zarda, 2019). As a gay man, Donald Zadar expressed his concern to the female person that he was gay and was not interested in her. This was the main reason why he was fired from attitude Express as the instructor. He decided to bring the case against altitude Express in a Supreme Court as he felt the company terminated his contract based on his sexual preference and did not touch the female client appropriately. He stated that it was his protection role under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of the year 1964. Zarda also filed charges for discrimination with the help of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission that supported his claim for being fired as a result of sexual orientation. He added that Attitude Express company had, for a long time, looked down upon him as he did not conform to all the male gender forms of the stereotype that existed with a company. The claim was brought to the federal court that alleged better attitude Express had violated his right because of his sexual preference and orientation. Nonetheless, the United States Court of Appeal ruled for altitude Express. The interpretation of Title VII was the main issue where it was not directly stated where sexual orientation came into place.

Procedural History-

Zarda started by filing a discrimination charge that was based on Equal Employment Opportunity. With their help, Donald went to the federal court where he alleged that his termination of the contract was based on sexual orientation and therefore argued that determination had violated title VII civil rights act of the Year 1964. The case then went to the United States District Court of Eastern District of New York, where assembly of the judgment was given in favor of altitude Express. District Court stated that Title VII does not protect people against sexually-based discrimination. The case was then taken to the second circuit for the visit and interpretation of title VII so that title VII should prohibit the overall discriminations that are based on sex, which includes orientational discrimination because of the sexual preference. They vacated the judgment and affirmed that the district court’s judgment and all of the claims were right. The attitude Express letter of petition to the United States Supreme Court to review a petition.

Issue- does the prohibition in Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of the years 1964, state against different opinions “because of the fact that sex” encompasses the overall discrimination that is focused on people’s sexual orientation?


Rule/ Holding

The rule on this case is still undecided because the case is still with the Supreme Court. This case is pending adjudication because the United States Supreme Court intervened to tell about the interpretation of the word insects that are included in Title VII of the civil rights act for the year 1964. Whether the word sex included in the civil rights act involves sexual orientation remains to be seen.


The reason why this case is pending adjudication before they record the State Supreme Court is making it difficult to determine the provision for sexual orientation in Title VII of the civil rights act. Also, issues of employment and sexual orientation misinterpreted in the past and coming up with the right answer. The most complex cases are difficult. The other reason why it is complex is that the person was involved in the case died in the year 2014 and is only the family members are continuing with the case. Donald Zarda was working as a skydiving instructor in altitude Express, and they have maintained their position. He was fired after he was accused of inappropriately touching one of the clients. The family has also maintained that there was no way Donald would get interested in the female client. In the family, he was gay despite the client claiming that Donald interested in her.

How this decision will affect society-

This case can affect society in many ways. The definition of “sex” will continue to raise concerns in society, especially if a gay person is involved. Arguing whether termination of an individual employee can be based on their sexual orientation is difficult. In society today, issues of gender equality and LGBT rights are some of the most sensitive ideas. Hence, dealing with such cases requires several considerations by the court and the members of the community. In relation to Title VII of the civil rights act, sexual orientation is not directly covered. It is, therefore, difficult for Society members to make conclusions that are based on sexual orientation and their rights. Many organizations are finding it difficult to maintain and preserve these rules because of fear of victimization. He was serving in Altitude Express as the instructor, and he felt discriminated for a long time. He decided to file a case against altitude Express in a Supreme Court. The company made him lose employment because of the complaints, and he did not touch the client. He stated that it was his right to be protected under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of the year 1964. In society, such issues are common. Many gay rights are also difficult to interpret, and this case adds to these complications. This shows how society has to adjust most of the terms such as “sex” to involve interpretation.

Your opinion- 

In my opinion, the Supreme Court did not get this issue right because they have the ability to give an accurate representation and interpretation of the constitution. Title VII of the civil rights act of Year 1964 may not cover the requirements of sexual orientation. However, they give an accurate representation of the word sex that is included in Title VII. Also, it is understandable for the Supreme Court to find this case impossible to arrive at a judgment. This is because of the complications recently been raised by the LGBT communities and other members of the society. Zarda filed charges for discrimination with the help of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission that supported his claim for being fired as a result of sexual orientation. The Supreme Court should have acted on this basis. He also failed to conform to all the male gender forms of the stereotype that existed with a company. Hence, the Supreme Court has to rule for the victim in this case.




Altitude Express, Inc. v. Zarda, 139 S. Ct. 1599, 203 L. Ed. 2d 754 (U.S., 2019).


The following word arrangement cannot be changed:

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act.

Donald Zarda

United States Supreme Court

discrimination based on sexual orientation.

Equal Employment Opportunity

United States District Court of Eastern District of New Yor

sexual orientations

Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY!!!

order custom essay paper

What Will You Get?

We provide professional writing services to help you score straight A’s by submitting custom written assignments that mirror your guidelines.

Premium Quality

Get result-oriented writing and never worry about grades anymore. We follow the highest quality standards to make sure that you get perfect assignments.

Experienced Writers

Our writers have experience in dealing with papers of every educational level. You can surely rely on the expertise of our qualified professionals.

On-Time Delivery

Your deadline is our threshold for success and we take it very seriously. We make sure you receive your papers before your predefined time.

24/7 Customer Support

Someone from our customer support team is always here to respond to your questions. So, hit us up if you have got any ambiguity or concern.

Complete Confidentiality

Sit back and relax while we help you out with writing your papers. We have an ultimate policy for keeping your personal and order-related details a secret.

Authentic Sources

We assure you that your document will be thoroughly checked for plagiarism and grammatical errors as we use highly authentic and licit sources.

Moneyback Guarantee

Still reluctant about placing an order? Our 100% Moneyback Guarantee backs you up on rare occasions where you aren’t satisfied with the writing.

Order Tracking

You don’t have to wait for an update for hours; you can track the progress of your order any time you want. We share the status after each step.


Areas of Expertise

Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.

Areas of Expertise

Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.


Trusted Partner of 9650+ Students for Writing

From brainstorming your paper's outline to perfecting its grammar, we perform every step carefully to make your paper worthy of A grade.

Preferred Writer

Hire your preferred writer anytime. Simply specify if you want your preferred expert to write your paper and we’ll make that happen.

Grammar Check Report

Get an elaborate and authentic grammar check report with your work to have the grammar goodness sealed in your document.

One Page Summary

You can purchase this feature if you want our writers to sum up your paper in the form of a concise and well-articulated summary.

Plagiarism Report

You don’t have to worry about plagiarism anymore. Get a plagiarism report to certify the uniqueness of your work.

Free Features $66FREE

  • Most Qualified Writer $10FREE
  • Plagiarism Scan Report $10FREE
  • Unlimited Revisions $08FREE
  • Paper Formatting $05FREE
  • Cover Page $05FREE
  • Referencing & Bibliography $10FREE
  • Dedicated User Area $08FREE
  • 24/7 Order Tracking $05FREE
  • Periodic Email Alerts $05FREE

Our Services

Join us for the best experience while seeking writing assistance in your college life. A good grade is all you need to boost up your academic excellence and we are all about it.

  • On-time Delivery
  • 24/7 Order Tracking
  • Access to Authentic Sources
Academic Writing

We create perfect papers according to the guidelines.

Professional Editing

We seamlessly edit out errors from your papers.

Thorough Proofreading

We thoroughly read your final draft to identify errors.


Delegate Your Challenging Writing Tasks to Experienced Professionals

Work with ultimate peace of mind because we ensure that your academic work is our responsibility and your grades are a top concern for us!

Check Out Our Sample Work

Dedication. Quality. Commitment. Punctuality

All samples
Article review
Thesis/Thesis chapter
Research paper
Article review
A Holistic Response to Crime Victimization
View this sample
Thesis/Thesis chapter
Post Covid-19 Economic Recovery
View this sample
Research paper
Final Case Analysis: Organizational Ethical Dilemmas
Undergrad. (yrs 3-4)
Business Studies
View this sample
Research paper
Communicable Disease
View this sample
Research paper
Mental health
View this sample

It May Not Be Much, but It’s Honest Work!

Here is what we have achieved so far. These numbers are evidence that we go the extra mile to make your college journey successful.


Happy Clients


Words Written This Week


Ongoing Orders


Customer Satisfaction Rate

Process as Fine as Brewed Coffee

We have the most intuitive and minimalistic process so that you can easily place an order. Just follow a few steps to unlock success.

See How We Helped 9000+ Students Achieve Success


We Analyze Your Problem and Offer Customized Writing

We understand your guidelines first before delivering any writing service. You can discuss your writing needs and we will have them evaluated by our dedicated team.

  • Clear elicitation of your requirements.
  • Customized writing as per your needs.

We Mirror Your Guidelines to Deliver Quality Services

We write your papers in a standardized way. We complete your work in such a way that it turns out to be a perfect description of your guidelines.

  • Proactive analysis of your writing.
  • Active communication to understand requirements.

We Handle Your Writing Tasks to Ensure Excellent Grades

We promise you excellent grades and academic excellence that you always longed for. Our writers stay in touch with you via email.

  • Thorough research and analysis for every order.
  • Deliverance of reliable writing service to improve your grades.
Place an Order Start Chat Now

error: Content is protected !!
Need assignment help? You can contact our live agent via WhatsApp using +1 718 717 2861

Feel free to ask questions, clarifications, or discounts available when placing an order.

Order your essay today and save 30% with the discount code UNRIVALED