A Philosopher’s Approach to Justice Discussion

amartya Sen, a noted scholar in the world of philosophical discussions and interpretations, is presenting counter arguments to John Rawls’ approach to a theory of justice. In the process, Sen is also trying to cement his own approach to a theory of justice. He argues that asking, “What is a just society?” is wasteful and rather, serious thinkers should “concentrate on comparative questions of justice” (Sen, 236). The philosopher thus opens the door to a discussion of what should bright, thinking people expect and desire from a theory of justice, which is likely what Sen intended, beyond tooting his own philosophical horn. Sen begins his article by referencing what he finds difficult to accept within iconic philosopher Rawls’ view of justice.

The nuts and bolts of what Sen is arguing comes down to his departure from Rawls’ theory of justice, not only the “substantive contend of the Rawlsian theory of justice,” but also he takes issue with Rawls’ approach to “public reasoning” and the “reach and coverage of public participation” (Sen, 2006, p. 216). But moreover, the theory Sen invokes his approach, a comparative theory of justice, because it does not contain specific answers to the elusive question (which he mocks), “What is a just society?”

Reviewing / Analyzing Positions Taken in Sen’s Narrative

In the first place, once a student — who is essentially a lay person — reads through Sen’s article published in The Journal of Philosophy, the student realizes his everyday concept of justice — what he has learned at the university level, through the popular press, and perhaps through his own interaction with law enforcement and the courts — is being seriously challenged. The student might be hearing a voice in the back of his head saying, “Who really cares about a theory of justice as long as criminals, terrorists, and other wrongdoers are punished for the unjust things they have done to others?” But another voice inside the student’s head may be saying, “That’s why you’re in higher education, to step outside your comfort zone and see the world from a more intellectual perspective.” To be certain, portions of Sen’s narrative are not always easy to understand and digest, but his piece cries out to be approached and challenged — in the same way Sen is challenging Rawls’ approach to justice — and along the way it will be instructive and eye-opening to come into contact with deeper philosophical issues.

In the second place, it needs to be stated without any need for specific corroboration, that there is no — nor can there be — a totally just society anywhere in the world. There will always be some level of unfairness and injustice. So, given this, Sen is taking the position that since there is no perfect system of justice, a theory of justice should be adopted. This is a reasonable approach, and it is also reasonable for Sen to pick apart an existing theory of justice, in this case, Rawls’ theory. Clearly, Sen finds Rawls’ theory objectionable, because Rawls’ theory is produced from the position of a “fully just society” (217) — and this is called the “transcendental” approach. I agree with Sen because I believe the transcendental approach is a wrongheaded approach given the earlier points made in this paragraph.

Taking Positions on Sen’s Article

Moreover, Sen’s indifference to the transcendental approach is balanced by Sen’s approval of the comparative approach, and I can see the logic in this here in the year 2017, when the word “justice” is overused and often misunderstood in the U.S., and in some cases justice has become meaningless. Sen hits the nail on the head on page 217 when he uses the example of how many people are fortunate to have public health insurance — a political hot button issue in the United States. Even if a system were created where most Americans would have health insurance, there would be no “just society,” Sen continues, because hundreds of other “transgressions” would remain that are not remedied. Hence, Sen argues, the transcendental approach has serious flaws when creating a theory of justice.

Personally I think Sen is wasting time when, on pages 219-222, he seems to go to great lengths to either defend the transcendental approach, or at lease examine it closely. Is he just giving a bit of love to Rawls, perhaps a backhanded compliment, so he (Sen) doesn’t seem mean spirited in denouncing the transcendental approach by a well-respected philosopher? Using the analogy of trying to identify the “perfect picture” in the world (is it a Picasso, or a Dali?) — seems to have been presented as a way to point to the absurdity of embracing the transcendental approach; that is, believing that a theory of justice can grow from a place where perfect justice prevails. To wit, there is no perfect society, there is no perfect justice, and there likely will never be perfection in those contexts.

A waste of time or not (that’s just my opinion), readers who investigate philosophers and philosophy know that long-winded sentences and seemingly unending paragraphs are often employed to fully explain the positions and theories. On page 225 Sen explains what alert readers already know: “Different resolutions all have serious arguments in support of them,” and certainly portions of Rawls’ transcendental approach has merit. But no sooner does Sen seem to give some credit to Rawls — and this is one of the gems that I related to in this article — than Sen comes down hard on Rawls.

To wit, there is no “global state” on this planet where “global justice” is meted out. Sen references 17th century philosopher Thomas Hobbes, who claimed that there is a need for a “sovereign state” to fully apply the “principles of justice” (Sen, 226). Apparently Sen sees Hobbes’ views within Rawls’ narrative, because Sen quotes Rawls’ “second original position,” which, Sen asserts, ” . . . would take us rapidly forward in pursuit of some justice in a justice-less world.” That Rawlsian pursuit of justice, Sen continues, ” . . . remains stalled and stationary in the wintry morning of a world without a global state” (Sen, 227). “Wintry morning” is a brilliantly devised metaphor, which eloquently puts down the Rawls and Hobbes approaches to a theory of justice.

These positions in opposition to Rawls’ transcendental approach are Sen’s critical positions in relation to others, part of the instructions for this assignment. In the next section, readers are given a chance to experience Sen’s critical responses to philosopher Adam Smith’s Theory or Moral Sentiments.

Strengths and Weaknesses of Sen’s Theory

There are many powerful moments in this piece, including passages in which Sen gives credit to Rawls, the philosopher Sen has gently attacked page after page. On page 228, it is a strength of this article that Sen explains how Rawls has given energy to the idea of “A public framework of thought.” So, notwithstanding that Rawls is totally wrong about how to establish a workable theory of justice, Sen said Rawls’ framework of thought need not become “totally inoperative merely because the institutional demands of a perfectly just society have turned out to be infeasible” (Sen, 228).

Another strength Sen shows is to use others’ philosophical narrative, either in contrast to his own ideas, or as a way to juxtapose what Sen sees as justice — and how things are so very diverse and different in other ages and other places. In reference to Adam Smith’s point that in “sophisticated Athens,” in Ancient Greece, it was seen as just to “regard infanticide as perfectly acceptable social behavior” (Sen, 233). Even such ancient giants as Plato and Aristotle agreed that the practice of infanticide was just, because this uninterrupted practice was “thoroughly authorized” in the city state of Athens.

Sen’s narrative regarding Smith’s point — which to me is among the weaker points in the piece — is that there are “also many other practices” which are rationalized as showing societal justice, including women in Afghanistan being stoned to death for being unfaithful to their husbands, and some states in the U.S. eschewing capital punishment because it is cruel and unusual punishment. Those points are not really backed up by his comparative theory of justice.


A contemporary and reasonable approach to his narrative is found on page 237: “Will social change advance the cause of justice, or hinder it?” Look at the social change that has occurred in the American society since, for example, the Jim Crow era. Is justice being served when a white policeman shoots an unarmed African-American in the street, and someone with a smartphone videotapes (and releases to the media) a graphic, dramatic video of the incident? Is justice in play when the president of the U.S. bans Muslims from entering America, and claims Mexican immigrants are “rapists” and “killers”? When the whole world seems about to explode from cultural tensions, state-supported terrorism, racism and misogyny, and from the foibles and falsehoods of President Donald Trump, it seems a new, relevant theory of justice is needed.

Works Cited

Sen, A. (2006). What Do We Want from a Theory of Justice? The Journal of Philosophy, 103(5),

Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY!!!

order custom essay paper

What Will You Get?

We provide professional writing services to help you score straight A’s by submitting custom written assignments that mirror your guidelines.

Premium Quality

Get result-oriented writing and never worry about grades anymore. We follow the highest quality standards to make sure that you get perfect assignments.

Experienced Writers

Our writers have experience in dealing with papers of every educational level. You can surely rely on the expertise of our qualified professionals.

On-Time Delivery

Your deadline is our threshold for success and we take it very seriously. We make sure you receive your papers before your predefined time.

24/7 Customer Support

Someone from our customer support team is always here to respond to your questions. So, hit us up if you have got any ambiguity or concern.

Complete Confidentiality

Sit back and relax while we help you out with writing your papers. We have an ultimate policy for keeping your personal and order-related details a secret.

Authentic Sources

We assure you that your document will be thoroughly checked for plagiarism and grammatical errors as we use highly authentic and licit sources.

Moneyback Guarantee

Still reluctant about placing an order? Our 100% Moneyback Guarantee backs you up on rare occasions where you aren’t satisfied with the writing.

Order Tracking

You don’t have to wait for an update for hours; you can track the progress of your order any time you want. We share the status after each step.


Areas of Expertise

Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.

Areas of Expertise

Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.


Trusted Partner of 9650+ Students for Writing

From brainstorming your paper's outline to perfecting its grammar, we perform every step carefully to make your paper worthy of A grade.

Preferred Writer

Hire your preferred writer anytime. Simply specify if you want your preferred expert to write your paper and we’ll make that happen.

Grammar Check Report

Get an elaborate and authentic grammar check report with your work to have the grammar goodness sealed in your document.

One Page Summary

You can purchase this feature if you want our writers to sum up your paper in the form of a concise and well-articulated summary.

Plagiarism Report

You don’t have to worry about plagiarism anymore. Get a plagiarism report to certify the uniqueness of your work.

Free Features $66FREE

  • Most Qualified Writer $10FREE
  • Plagiarism Scan Report $10FREE
  • Unlimited Revisions $08FREE
  • Paper Formatting $05FREE
  • Cover Page $05FREE
  • Referencing & Bibliography $10FREE
  • Dedicated User Area $08FREE
  • 24/7 Order Tracking $05FREE
  • Periodic Email Alerts $05FREE

Our Services

Join us for the best experience while seeking writing assistance in your college life. A good grade is all you need to boost up your academic excellence and we are all about it.

  • On-time Delivery
  • 24/7 Order Tracking
  • Access to Authentic Sources
Academic Writing

We create perfect papers according to the guidelines.

Professional Editing

We seamlessly edit out errors from your papers.

Thorough Proofreading

We thoroughly read your final draft to identify errors.


Delegate Your Challenging Writing Tasks to Experienced Professionals

Work with ultimate peace of mind because we ensure that your academic work is our responsibility and your grades are a top concern for us!

Check Out Our Sample Work

Dedication. Quality. Commitment. Punctuality

All samples
Article review
Thesis/Thesis chapter
Research paper
Article review
A Holistic Response to Crime Victimization
View this sample
Thesis/Thesis chapter
Post Covid-19 Economic Recovery
View this sample
Research paper
Final Case Analysis: Organizational Ethical Dilemmas
Undergrad. (yrs 3-4)
Business Studies
View this sample
Research paper
Communicable Disease
View this sample
Research paper
Mental health
View this sample

It May Not Be Much, but It’s Honest Work!

Here is what we have achieved so far. These numbers are evidence that we go the extra mile to make your college journey successful.


Happy Clients


Words Written This Week


Ongoing Orders


Customer Satisfaction Rate

Process as Fine as Brewed Coffee

We have the most intuitive and minimalistic process so that you can easily place an order. Just follow a few steps to unlock success.

See How We Helped 9000+ Students Achieve Success


We Analyze Your Problem and Offer Customized Writing

We understand your guidelines first before delivering any writing service. You can discuss your writing needs and we will have them evaluated by our dedicated team.

  • Clear elicitation of your requirements.
  • Customized writing as per your needs.

We Mirror Your Guidelines to Deliver Quality Services

We write your papers in a standardized way. We complete your work in such a way that it turns out to be a perfect description of your guidelines.

  • Proactive analysis of your writing.
  • Active communication to understand requirements.

We Handle Your Writing Tasks to Ensure Excellent Grades

We promise you excellent grades and academic excellence that you always longed for. Our writers stay in touch with you via email.

  • Thorough research and analysis for every order.
  • Deliverance of reliable writing service to improve your grades.
Place an Order Start Chat Now

error: Content is protected !!
Need assignment help? You can contact our live agent via WhatsApp using +1 718 717 2861

Feel free to ask questions, clarifications, or discounts available when placing an order.

Order your essay today and save 30% with the discount code UNRIVALED